Childhood Obesity: Signs and Concerns for Future Health. (Part-1)

Overweight children for their age and height are a major public health issue. A complex condition with many underlying elements, its frequency has increased dramatically in recent decades. 

BMI helps determine if a child is healthy for their height. A BMI above the 95th percentile for age and gender may indicate obesity.

Extra body fat, especially around the abdomen or face. Clothing consistently larger than classmates of same age.

High blood pressure, cholesterol, or insulin resistance. Acanthosis nigricans, black, velvety patches in skin folds, can indicate insulin resistance.

Poor Diet: Consuming sugary drinks and high-calorie, low-nutrient foods. Skipping meals or nibbling on unhealthy foods.

Chronic Disease Risk Increase: Childhood obesity increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome later in life.

Joint and Bone Issues: Excess weight can stress bones and joints, causing musculoskeletal issues including fractures.

Psychosocial Effect: Social stigma and challenges connected with obesity may cause melancholy, anxiety, and low self-esteem.

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