Mediterranean Diet: A Heart-Healthy Eating Pattern

Emphasis on Whole Foods: The Mediterranean diet focuses on whole, unprocessed foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. 

Heart-Healthy Fats: It includes healthy fats, primarily from olive oil and nuts, which contribute to cardiovascular health. 

Lean Proteins: The diet emphasizes lean protein sources, including fish, poultry, and plant-based proteins like beans and lentils. 

Moderate Wine Consumption: Moderate consumption of red wine, rich in antioxidants, is a characteristic element of the Mediterranean diet. 

Abundance of Fruits and Vegetables: High intake of fruits and vegetables provides essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber. 

Whole Grains: Whole grains like brown rice and quinoa are staple components, offering sustained energy and additional fiber. 

Reduced Red Meat: Limited consumption of red meat, with a preference for fish and poultry, is associated with lower saturated fat intake. 

Overall Health Benefits: The Mediterranean diet is linked to numerous health benefits, including improved heart health, weight management, and reduced risk of chronic diseases. 

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